Our services

Wellness Exams

A wellness exam ensures your fur baby is living their best life by evaluating their overall health and catching potential issues early on.  We provide optimal healthcare through all of your pet’s life stages and will address both physical and emotional needs for a well-balanced, happy pet.

Vaccinations and Boosters

Vaccines are like superhero capes that protect our furry friends from diseases. They help your pet’s immune system. And our approach to pet vaccinations is individualized to your pet based on their health, age, and lifestyle.  Not every pet needs every vaccine every year.  We strive to avoid over-vaccination and offer vaccine titers to evaluate your pet’s immune status rather than relying solely on routine vaccinations. We will work with you to ensure your pet is protected and equipped to fight everything from mild illnesses to more serious diseases.

Heartworm / Flea / Tick Prevention

Let’s talk about the three little buggers that can make your furry friend’s life miserable – heartworms, fleas, and ticks. There are ways to keep these pests at bay, and year-round prevention is key.  Your COTA Veterinary team will help you pick out the right products, and we can arrange to have them auto-ship to your home for ease and convenience.

Chiropractic and Massage

Treat your furry pals to a little “paws-itive” reinforcement! Animal chiropractors work their magic by restoring joint function and supporting the nervous system. With over a century of experience, chiropractic care has proven that misaligned joints can throw nerve function out of whack, affecting everything from organs to muscles. Say goodbye to pain, fatigue, and poor balance, and hello to a healthier, happier pet! Let your animal’s inherent recuperative powers shine through with the purr-fect alignment and zen-like nervous system harmony. It’s like giving them a one-way ticket to pet paradise!

DNA and Health Screening

Pet DNA and health screening: the key to unlocking the mysteries of our four-legged friends.  It’s like CSI but for pets!  With just a swab of their cheek, we can find their ancestry, uncover their health secrets, and understand their behavior better. This allows our veterinarians to proactively plan for possible genetic concerns down the road to keep your furry friend happy and healthy.


It’s like a tiny superhero secret identity card for your furry friends! It’s a teeny electronic device, just about the size of a grain of rice, that gets implanted under your pet’s skin. And when your beloved pet decides to go on a solo adventure and ends up lost, this superhero chip comes to the rescue! With the help of a scanner, the chip’s unique identification number gets read, and voila – your pet is identified, and you get reunited.


Nutrition is a very important part of your four-legged friends well being.  Dogs and cats need a balanced diet with protein, fats, carbs, vitamins, minerals, and water. Your COTA veterinary team can offer nutrition advice that’s tailored to your pet and their lifestyle to optimize their health.

Oh, and remember, treats are a privilege, not a right!


From barking at the mailman to leaving a surprise present on your new rug, our pets sure know how to keep us on our toes.  But fear not; your pet’s emotional well-being is just as important to us.  Our veterinary team can help identify issues and develop a treatment plan to reduce any stress and anxiety your pet may be experiencing.  We also have a trusted network of local trainers that can help with your concerns.

Travel Certificates

A travel certificate for pets is like a passport but with health info instead of a cute photo.  We can help your pet travel with you domestically or internationally.

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Frequently Asked Questions

My pet is healthy. Do they still need a Wellness Exam? And how often?

Yes, your furry friends need regular wellness exams every 6 months as they age faster than humans, and frequent visits help detect emerging health issues early.  During each visit, we update lifestyle needs, adjust preventative care, give those necessary vaccine boosters, and catch developing issues before they become serious.  Your pet may be the master of disguise when it comes to hiding their illnesses, but we’ll be on the lookout for any sneaky health issues.

My cat is an indoor cat, do they still need Wellness Exams?

Yes, even though they don’t venture outside, cats can still suffer from issues like weight gain, dental disease, and arthritis.  We can catch these problems early on by taking them for regular check-ups before they become bigger issues.  Cats are notorious for hiding symptoms, so don’t be fooled by their nonchalant demeanor. Keep your indoor furballs happy and healthy with routine vet visits.

What are ‘core’ versus ‘lifestyle’ vaccines for dogs and cats?

Not every pet needs every vaccine every year.  Our approach to pet vaccinations is individualized to your pet based on their health, age, and lifestyle.  Core vaccines are those vaccines that veterinarians feel all pets should have.  Lifestyle vaccines are based on your pet’s activities and environment.  We strive to avoid over-vaccination and offer vaccine titers to evaluate your pet’s immune status rather than relying solely on routine vaccinations.  We will work with you to ensure your pet is protected and equipped to fight everything from mild illnesses to more serious disease.

Should I bring anything with me to a Wellness Exam?

Come with all your concerns and questions- count on us to provide the answers you need.  To help ease your furry friend’s stress or anxiety, bring their beloved treats, toy, or blanket along with you.  Additionally, please provide a fecal sample for us to examine, as it will reduce your pet’s stress from us collecting one.  You can use a standard dog poop bag or any other sealed plastic bag or disposable container to transport the sample.

When does my pet need a travel certificate?

Each destination can require different certificates and testing.  We can help guide you through the process and our USDA-certified veterinarians will help with the required testing and paperwork.

To prepare for your visit for a travel certificate- Review the USDA APHIS website here for your destination— if you’re traveling to a second or third country with your pet on your trip, please review the site for each country.
You’ll need to provide us with the following veterinary information if it is not in our records:
• Your pet’s last two rabies certificates
• Your pet’s vaccine history and medical records (Dog- DA2PP, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Rabies, and Heartworm Test, Cat- FVRCP, Rabies, Feluk/ FIV status)
• Your pet’s microchip number

You’ll also need to provide us with the following travel details:
• Name of the person traveling with the pet (as it appears on your ID/Passport)
• US address & telephone number
• Destination address & telephone number
• Method of transport, whether in-cabin or in cargo
• Travel itinerary details (include flight confirmation email, seat confirmation email, etc)
• Date(s) of travel
• Your address — the paperwork will be sent from the USDA straight to you

Allergies/ Skin Issues and Immunotherapy

What’s making your fur baby itch, scratch, and sneeze today? Is it the grass? The pollen?  Whatever the culprit, there are many treatment options, and we will help you find the right one.  Early diagnosis and management are important.

Eye and Ear Infections

Eye and ear infections can make your furry friend feel uncomfortable.  But don’t worry; with proper treatment and care, your pet will be back to their happy-go-lucky self in no time.

Urinary Issues

So, your furry friend is having some issues in the bathroom department?  It could be a urinary tract infection, bladder stones, a blockage, or even kidney problems causing all the fuss.  Your pet may be straining, peeing frequently, or even leaving a bit of blood in their urine.  The treatment depends on what’s causing the issue – it could be pills, special food, or even surgery.  Just make sure to get your pet to the vet ASAP- we don’t want them to be uncomfortable for too long!


Limping can be caused by all sorts of things, from chasing squirrels too vigorously or developing arthritis.  If your furry pal is limping, it’s best to have them checked out by our COTA Veterinary team to make sure they’re not in pain and get them back to their playful, non-limping selves.


When our furry friend’s battery is low- it could be because they’re sick, injured, stressed, or just plain lazy.  It’s important to get to the bottom of what’s causing their lack of energy and give them the TLC they need.  So, let’s get to work and get that little furball back to their spunky self!

Digestive Problems

Tummy troubles in your fur-baby can cause vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite, and abdominal pain. Treatment varies depending on the underlying cause and may include dietary changes, medication, and supportive care.  Consult with your COTA Veterinary team if you notice any of these symptoms in your pet.

Toxin and Foreign Body Ingestion

Did your furry friend get a little too curious and decide to snack on something they shouldn’t have?  Dogs and cats are inquisitive animals and may ingest harmful or indigestible things, leading to various health issues.  Contact your COTA Veterinary team, and we will advise you on what to do.


Oopsie! Your furry pal got a boo-boo? Wounds are injuries that break the skin or underlying tissues. They can happen to our pets for different reasons.  Wounds can be mild or severe; treatment usually involves cleaning the wound and applying appropriate care.  We can assess the severity and determine the right course of action.

Hospice Care

Hospice care for pets is a supportive approach to care for animals with terminal diseases, focusing on improving their quality of life during their remaining time. This type of care emphasizes comfort and avoids aggressive interventions, although all therapies are considered. Hospice care is a philosophy of caring, and our veterinary team can help you understand your treatment options, including palliative care, and what works best for you and your family.


Saying goodbye to a beloved family member can be difficult, even when it is the right decision.  While your pet cannot speak, there are signs that indicate a decline in health and well-being.  Our compassionate team will help you to identify these signs and determine the ‘quality of life’.  You are not in this alone; we are here to answer your questions and help you through this process.

We perform end-of-life services in a comfortable environment in our hospital or can offer recommendations for local at-home euthanasia providers.

When your pet is not feeling their best, we can help you. We will work to get your pet seen in a timely manner to help determine what is wrong and what needs to be done

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Frequently Asked Questions

How do I know if my pet is sick and should be seen?

There are a few things you can look out for to determine if your furry friend is feeling under the weather. Keep an eye out for changes in their behavior, appetite, and energy levels. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, don’t hesitate to reach out to our 24/7 Telehelp chats or contact us directly at 804-621-7109.

How much will this visit cost?

A sick exam costs $70 + any recommended therapies, medications, etc. We practice collaborative medicine with you involved and we will only proceed with our recommendations if you agree.  You will be given upfront financial information so there are no surprises.

Can I stay with my pet during treatment?

If it’s a quick and simple procedure, like getting their nails trimmed, you can probably stick around and provide some moral support.  But if it’s a longer treatment, like an IV fluid drip, it might be best for your pet to stay in our care, where we can monitor them closely, allow them to rest quietly, and make sure they’re comfortable.  Don’t worry; we’ll keep you updated on their progress every step of the way.

What happens next? Will my pet stay overnight? Do I need to bring them back to be seen?

Once we have had time to diagnose your pet and develop a treatment plan, we will discuss this in detail and in its entirety with you.  Some treatments may need several days of care, and we will discuss the best options.  We may need to see your pet for consecutive days in our hospital, or we may recommend referral to an emergency veterinary hospital for ongoing continuous care.   We are not staffed after hours, so your pet will not stay overnight with us.  If our veterinary team feels your pet needs to be hospitalized overnight, we will work with an area emergency care facility to coordinate your pet’s care.  But no matter what, we will spoil them rotten.

What is a referral and why?

A referral is when a primary care veterinarian refers a patient to a specialist or specialized facility for further evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment. The referral may be necessary when a furry friend requires specialized expertise, equipment, or treatment options beyond the scope of the primary veterinarian’s expertise. A referral allows your pet to receive the best possible care from a specialist with advanced training and experience in a particular area of veterinary medicine.

How do I know if my pet is in pain?

Pets can be good at hiding their pain and discomfort. Some signs that your pet may be in pain include difficulty walking or rising, whining or crying, pacing, hesitancy to walk, use stairs or jump, decreased appetite, and lack of interest in people or favorite toys. It’s important to bring up any of these concerns with our COTA Veterinary team to ensure your pet receives proper care and treatment.

How do I care for my elderly pet at home?

There are many ways you can turn your home into a comfortable retirement villa for your elderly pet.

  • For vision issues- keep the lights on in dark hallways and stairs and resist the urge to move furniture around.
  • For ambulatory issues- keep them on one level without any stairs, use ramps when necessary, and utilize raised feeding bowls, and orthopedic beds with extra padding for all those achy joints.
  • Add non-slip throw rugs for slick hard surface floors and remove any tripping hazards.
  • Consider installing a doggy door so they can go out and take care of business whenever they please, as bladders become less patient with age.

Our veterinary team can advise on even more accommodations based on your pet’s specific needs.

Retirement living never sounded so good!

What is hospice care?

Hospice care for pets is a supportive approach to care for animals with terminal diseases, focusing on improving their quality of life during their remaining time. This type of care emphasizes comfort and avoids aggressive interventions, although all therapies are considered. Hospice care is a philosophy of caring, and our veterinary team can help you understand your treatment options, including palliative care, and what works best for you and your family.

Hospice care for pets is similar to that of humans, with your veterinary team coordinating medical procedures, prescribing medication, and providing comfort care.  However, day-to-day hospice care happens at home with you.  The biggest difference is that veterinarians can provide humane euthanasia if the quality of life for your pet becomes unacceptable.

When your pet enters hospice care, our veterinary team will establish benchmarks to measure their quality of life. You and your family will partner with us to determine when and how often to re-evaluate your pet’s condition.  If there are changes in your pet’s quality of life, we will work with you to determine the next steps.

Remember, you know your pet best, so don’t hesitate to ask questions to ensure you feel confident in the care you provide. Our goal is to provide your pet with a peaceful and comfortable quality of life at home, surrounded by loved ones.  With proper planning and communication with your COTA Veterinary team, hospice care can help your pet transition with dignity and comfort.

Why euthanasia?

Euthanasia can provide comfort and relief from pain and suffering for our beloved pets whose quality of life has been compromised. Our aim is to ensure that your pet’s last memory is one of peace and comfort, which is why we have designed a gentle and pain-free protocol to guide you through the process and help your pet in their final moments.

We offer euthanasia services in a comfortable setting in our hospital, but we also provide recommendations for local at-home euthanasia providers if that’s your preference.

How do I know when it is the right time?

Making the decision to euthanize a pet can be one of the most challenging things for any pet parent.  We understand this and are ready to provide assistance in any way we can. Our team is available to answer your inquiries about euthanasia, give you access to more resources, and discuss the alternatives that can help enhance your pet’s quality of life.  We aim to ensure that you feel knowledgeable, empowered, and comforted during this tough time, enabling you to make the most appropriate decision for yourself and your beloved pet. This provided link is also a valuable resource.

Can I stay with my pet during euthanasia?

Yes, it is entirely up to you if you want to stay.

What happens during euthanasia?

We will ask a few things before beginning as we want to ensure we are accommodating all your needs at this sensitive time.

Do you want to be present?  And this is entirely up to you.

What would you like to happen afterward- the options are cremation with remains returned, cremation with remains not returned, or taking your pet home for burial.

You will determine the pace.  When you are ready, we will place an IV catheter in your pet’s leg, which will give us access to their vein to deliver medications.  We will use a combination of sedatives and painkillers.  This is a painless procedure; your pet will pass away within a few minutes.  You can spend as much time as you like afterward, and we will handle all the arrangements for aftercare.

Will your other pets grieve the loss of their friend?

Yes, it is possible for pets to grieve the loss of their companion. Pets can form strong emotional bonds with each other, and the loss of one can affect the other.  It’s not uncommon for pets to display signs of mourning, and these may include vocalization, pacing, change in appetite and energy levels, seeking attention, or having elimination issues.  However, the degree to which they grieve can vary based on the individual animal and their relationship with the pet that passed away.  Providing extra love, attention, and support to your remaining pets during this time can help them cope with the loss. Consider distracting your pet with walks, puzzle toys, or using calming collars or sprays.

Are there support groups to cope with the loss of a pet?

Spay / Neuter

Spaying/ neutering can have significant health and behavioral benefits for your fur-baby.  And it helps to decrease pet overpopulation by preventing future litters.

Soft Tissue Surgery

COTA Veterinary offers routine surgical procedures in our state-of-the-art surgical suite.  You can rest assured that your four-legged friend is in great hands with our experienced surgeons and dedicated anesthesia team.  We also partner with local surgeons, who have areas of advanced certification, for more complicated procedures.  We’ll assist in coordinating and referring you to them if needed.

Mass Removals (Lumpectomy)

A lumpectomy, or mass removal, is a common procedure that is often necessary to improve your pet’s health and well-being. While it may seem daunting, at COTA Veterinary, our team will ensure that the procedure is safe, effective, and as comfortable as possible for your furry friend.  Afterward, we will send the mass to a specialist to determine if further therapy is needed.

Dental Care and Tooth Extractions

Stinky breath?  We can help with that.

Dental health can affect your pet’s overall well-being.  Regular dental exams and cleanings can identify problems early so that we can develop a plan and minimize the risk of dental disease and pain.   Our dental suite is equipped for ultrasonic scaling, dental radiographs, polishing, periodontal treatments, and possible extractions.

And we will banish that sticky breath!

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Frequently Asked Questions

Does my pet need an appointment prior to surgery or a dental cleaning?

Yes,  before your furry friend has a surgical procedure or dental cleaning, we need to give them a once-over to make sure they’re fit as a fiddle, which can be done during their annual exam.  This ensures your pet is in good health and ready to undergo the anesthesia necessary for the procedure.  It also enables us to develop a specific treatment plan for your pet and address all of your concerns.

How much will a surgery cost?

Once our veterinary team has examined your pet, they will discuss the best treatment plan with you.  With our transparent pricing, you will be given an estimate prior to surgery.

Will my pet be sleepy after surgery or a dental cleaning? Will they be able to walk to the car?

After being under anesthesia, most pets feel groggy, which is a typical reaction and often resolves within 24-48 hours. If you require assistance with moving your pet to the car, we would be delighted to assist.  It’s also common for some pets to have a soft stool or a change in their appetite for a few days, which is entirely normal.  Before taking your four-legged friend home, you will receive detailed post-operative instructions regarding medication, feeding, activity, and follow-up care.

I brush my pet’s teeth and give them dental chews, do they still need a dental cleaning?

Our veterinary team will evaluate the condition of your pet’s mouth and provide advice accordingly.  Although brushing your pet’s teeth at home regularly is advisable, it may not eliminate all the harmful tartar and plaque accumulation that could cause periodontal disease to worsen.

What happens when my pet has a dental cleaning?

Your pet’s health will be assessed prior to a dental cleaning with risks identified and addressed with you.  During the dental cleaning, your pet will be under anesthesia and monitored closely.  An oral exam is performed, teeth are scaled and polished, and we remove calculus from the tooth’s surface and under gum lines.  Any areas of concern are addressed and dental  X-rays are taken as needed.

Why does my pet need anesthesia for a dental cleaning?

Your pet needs anesthesia during a dental cleaning because, unlike humans who can follow instructions and hold their mouth open, pets cannot cooperate in the same way.  Without anesthesia, the process would be uncomfortable and frightening for them.  Anesthesia enables the veterinary dental team to examine your pet’s mouth, clean all surfaces thoroughly, and polish the teeth.  So, let your pet catch some Z’s while the dental team does their thing, and before you know it, your furry pal will have a clean and sparkling smile.

What if my pet needs a tooth extracted?

Tooth extractions involve the removal of one or more teeth during a dental procedure.  This becomes necessary if a tooth is damaged, diseased, causing pain, or loose.  Your veterinarian will thoroughly examine your pet’s mouth while under anesthesia, and if they determine that a tooth needs to be extracted, they will inform you.  Dental X-rays can assist in making this decision as we strive to extract as few teeth as possible.

My pet has bad breath, does that mean his teeth need to be cleaned?

While a dental cleaning will help eliminate some bad breath, it can also be caused by other things.  If the bad breath persists after a dental cleaning, our veterinarian can make further recommendations.

How much will a dental cleaning cost?

A dental cleaning varies per pet and their situation.  We will try our best to give you an accurate estimate but just like at your dentist, sometimes things are only obvious once dental X-rays are performed or tarter is removed from the tooth surface.  We will work with you to come up with a great treatment plan to address all concerns.

Does my pet need to be seen prior to a dental cleaning?

Every pet is required to have a pre-op appointment which can be done during their Wellness Exam.  This ensures your pet is in good health and ready to undergo the anesthesia necessary for the dental procedure.

How often does my pet need a dental cleaning?

Your veterinary team will help you determine this at your pet’s Wellness Exam.  Every pet is unique, and the buildup of tartar and plaque can vary from one adorable furball to another.  Let your veterinary team know if you notice anything like bad breath or if your pet is having trouble chewing food or dropping food from their mouth.

How do I brush my pet’s teeth?

Brushing your furry family member’s teeth is important to their overall dental care.  Here are the steps you can follow to brush your pet’s teeth:

  1. Please choose the right toothbrush: Use a toothbrush specifically designed for pets, as their bristles are soft and gentle on their gums and teeth.  Alternatively, you can use a finger brush or a piece of gauze wrapped around your finger.
  2. Please choose the right toothpaste: Never use human toothpaste on your pet, as it contains ingredients that can be harmful to them.  Instead, use toothpaste specifically designed for pets.  These kinds of toothpaste come in flavors that appeal to pets, such as chicken, beef, or fish.
  3. Get your pet comfortable: Before starting to brush, get your pet comfortable by letting them sniff the toothbrush and toothpaste.  Then, gently lift their lip and rub your finger along their teeth and gums to get them used to the sensation.
  4. Start brushing: Apply a small amount of toothpaste to the toothbrush or your finger brush, and start brushing in circular motions along your pet’s teeth and gums.  Be gentle, and don’t forget to brush the back teeth that are most prone to plaque and tartar buildup.
  5. Reward your fluff-ball.  Once you’re done brushing, reward your pet with a treat or some praise.  This will help them associate teeth brushing with a positive experience.

It’s important to note that brushing your pet’s teeth should be done on a regular basis, ideally every day to several times a week.  If your pet is resistant to brushing, you can try using dental treats, water additives, or chews as alternative dental care options.

Does that lump really need to be removed?

Our veterinary team will only make recommendations for mass removals when they feel it is necessary and in your pet’s best interest.

Blood, Urine and Fecal Testing

Blood, urine, and fecal testing are like superheroes for our furry friends, helping us detect infections, parasites, and other health problems that might be going on inside their cute little bodies. We can check out their organ function, blood chemistry, and more with blood tests. Urine tests let us see if their kidneys and bladder are working right, while fecal tests help us make sure their tummies are happy and healthy.

Digital Whole Body and Dental X-ray

Digital X-rays are high-quality images of your furry friend’s bones, organs, and soft tissues in a jiffy. It can help your vet detect all sorts of health issues, from bone fractures to suspicious lumps and even sneaky dental problems that can be hard to spot with the naked eye.


Veterinary ultrasound is like a magic trick for pets!  It uses sound waves to create images of their insides.  It’s a painless and safe procedure that helps vets diagnose and monitor various medical conditions.

Electrocardiography (EKG) and Blood Pressure

In veterinary medicine, an EKG and blood pressure are like detectives for the heart and blood vessels. They help us figure out if your furry friend’s heart is beating to the right tune and if their blood pressure is in the right range.


Veterinary microscopy is like a tiny treasure hunt for animal illnesses. It’s all about using the microscope to find clues and solve mysteries in a microscopic world.  It is a vital tool in veterinary medicine for identifying illnesses and providing effective, timely treatments.

Tonometry (Eye Pressure)

Tonometry is a vital tool for detecting and managing glaucoma in our furry friends.

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Frequently Asked Questions

My pet is healthy, do they need testing?

After assessing your pet’s health condition and lifestyle, we can provide recommendations on whether testing is necessary, even if your pet appears to be healthy.  Pets may conceal symptoms, and testing can help detect potential health problems early on, allowing for prompt treatment.  We want to make your pet as fit as a fiddle, even if they’re hiding their symptoms like a pro!

Will my pet need to be sedated for testing?

It really depends on your pet’s personality.  And the situation.  Some pets might be cool as cucumbers and not need any sedation, while others might appreciate a little extra help to keep their nerves at bay.  Our fantastic veterinary team will work with you to figure out what works best for your furry friend.